Medical Breakthrough: Baby Born To Woman With Transplanted Uterus

Medical Breakthrough: Baby Born To Woman With Transplanted Uterus

The report of a Brazilian woman giving birth to a healthy baby girl past year, post a 10-hour long uterus transplant surgery, has added another feather in the medical world's cap and given a ray of hope to women with uterus infertility.

The patient 32 years old was born without a uterus.

The donor had died of subarachnoid haemorrhage - a type of stroke involving bleeding on the surface of the brain.

Four months before the transplant, she had in-vitro fertilisation resulting in eight fertilised eggs, which were preserved through freezing.

The baby was delivered by way of a cesarean section on December 15, 2017 at around 36 weeks into the pregnancy.

There have been 10 uterus transplants from deceased donors attempted in the USA, the Czech Republic, and Turkey, but this is the first one which resulted in a live birth. On the other hand, the researchers state that transplants from deceased donors might have some benefits over donations from live donors. However, a woman who received a live uterine transplant gave birth to a baby boy in 2017, making it a first for the U.S.

"Uterine transplant is a novel technique and should be regarded as experimental", he said.

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In a 10-hour operation, surgeons linked the donor's uterus to the woman's arteries, veins, ligaments and vaginal canal. Doctors then removed the uterus so the mother would not have to continue anti-rejection medications.

"It enables use of a much wider potential donor population, applies lower costs and avoids live donors' surgical risks". The recipient tolerated the transplant relatively well thanks to immunosuppression drugs, other treatments and constant monitoring.

Uterine transplants from living donors have occurred before. Uterus transplants have been happening via live donors since 2013 with 11 livebirths so far.

Doctor Andraus (far left) was the head transplant surgeon involved in the surgery to transplant the donated uterus. During the transplantation, there was a period of blood loss that was ultimately managed but might be avoidable in the future, by changing how the organ is initially reconnected to the woman's circulatory system, according to the study. The mother and child managed to leave the hospital just three days after the birth, with a gloriously uneventful following few months. Babies have been born after womb transplants from live donors, typically from a relative, but using organs from dead donors could widen the... Fifteen were fertilised, with 8 resulting in embryos that were subsequently preserved for later implantation.

But Dr. Tullius said surrogacy comes with its own challenges, from compensation to the ethics of asking a woman to undergo the rigours of pregnancy.

According to data included in the new report, among infertile couples, one in 500 have uterine infertility due to factors such as birth defects, hysterectomy or infection. Doctors were able to remove eggs, fertilise them with the father-to-be's sperm and freeze them. Previously, uterus transplants from a live woman were the only option, but donors are in short supply.

At the age of seven months and 20 days, when the case report was written, the baby was breastfeeding and weighed 7.2kg (15lbs 14oz).

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