Antibiotic resistance - bacteria are fighting back

Antibiotic resistance - bacteria are fighting back

Frequent antibiotic use has been cited as the cause for a big rise in drug-resistant bacteria, to the point that some experts claim the world is running out of effective antibiotics.

Antibiotics help in tackling such harmful bacteria by making it hard for them to proliferate.

"However, as part of this year's World Antibiotic Awareness Week, new research* from NPS MedicineWise indicates Australians" knowledge of the problem of antibiotic resistance is improving. Many low- and middle-income countries have high mortality rates from infectious diseases and low rates of use of antibiotics, said the WHO.

Antimicrobials are widely used in livestock production, sometimes to promote growth and sometimes to prevent infection, rather than treating the animal.

Mr Kwaku Agyeman-Manu, the Minister of Health, on Monday said everyone, including health workers, must get involved in the antibiotic resistance campaign and urged the public to adhere to the simple best practices to prevent further re-occurrence.

More news: Seahawks lose to Rams but showed they’re still relevant

The main message of this year's WAAW is 'handle antibiotics with care.' World Health Organization is focusing on food safety while OIE will be promoting prudent and responsible use of antimicrobials in animals.

By 2050, some five million people could die each year in Asia alone due to resistance to antibiotic medicines or antimicrobials, according to United Nations agencies. One of the aims of the event is to start a conversation about why people need to change their behaviours and attitudes towards antibiotics. These medicines are recommended by WHO as first or second-line treatment for common infections and belong to the "Access" category of the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines. Hold your doctor accountable and see that antibiotics are only being prescribed when truly needed and consider the use of antibiotics when choosing where your food dollars go. The pipeline for new antibiotics has nearly run dry.

Calling for urgent action, including prescription-only policies, the report said that amoxicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid are the most frequently used antibiotics worldwide.

Anti-microbial resistance occurs when bacteria are no longer affected by the antibiotics they were previously susceptible to or when micro-organisms such as bacteria, viruses and some parasites stop the antimicrobials from working against them. While studies have shown that preventive measures like hand hygiene and chlorhexidine bathing can reduce antibiotic resistance by gram-positive bacteria, these interventions have not shown to be effective in controlling the emergence of gram-negative bacteria. The resulting resistance that has built up over time has become a global health emergency leading the UN General Assembly to include AMR as a priority health issue to be tackled alongside responses to Ebola and HIV. "Always insist on a licensed pharmacist to dispense the drug and give you the right prescriptions, where the professional is unavailable please walk away", Executive Secretary of the PSGH, Rev. Dennis Sena Awitty advised.

Moeti stated that patients should never demand nor share antibiotics and only use them when prescribed by a certified healthcare professional.

Related Articles